VIII EM SS T1 HOW THE STATE GOVERNMENT WORKS -ANSWERS FOR TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS

 

How the State Government Works


I Choose the correct answer

1. The Governor of a state is appointed by

a) President

b) Vice President

c) Prime Minister

d) Chief Minister

Ans: a) President

2. The State Council Ministers is headed by

a) The Governor b) Chief Minister

c) Speaker d) Home Minister

Ans:b) Chief Minister

3. Who can summon and prorogue the sessions of the State legislature?

a) Home Minister b) President

c) Speaker d) The Governor

Ans:d) The Governor

4. Who does not participate in the appointment of the High Court Judge?

a) Governor

b) Chief Minister

c) Chief Justice of the High Court

d) President of India

Ans:c) Chief Justice of the High Court

5. The age of retirement of the Judges of the High Court is

a) 62 b) 64 c) 65 d) 58

Ans:a) 62

II Fill in the blanks

1.  29 States are there in India at present.

2. The tenure of the Governor is normally five years.

3. The District Judges are appointed by the Governor.

4. The Governor is the Constitutional Head of the State.

5. Minimum age to become an MLA is 25 years.

III Match the following


Governor

Real head

Chief Minister

Nominal head

Legislative Assembly

Lower house

Legislative Council 

Upper house


IV State true or false

1. Chief Minister is the chief administrator of the State.

Ans: True

2. The Governor nominates two members of the Anglo- Indian Community to  Legislative Assembly.

Ans: False

3. The number of judges in the High Courts is not uniform and fixed.

Ans: True


V Choose the correct statement

1. The State Legislative Assembly participates in the election of

i) President

ii) Vice – President

iii) Rajya Sabha members

iv) Members of the Legislative Council of  the State

a) i, ii & iii are Correct

b) i & iii are Correct

c) i, iii & iv are correct

d) i, ii , iii & iv are correct

Ans: c) i, iii & iv are correct

VI Answer the following in one or two sentences

1. Name the two houses of the State legislature.

The State Legislature consists of the Governor and one or two houses. The upper

house is called the Legislative Council while the lower house is called the

Legislative Assembly.

2. Write the qualifications of the members of the Legislative Assembly.

  • The candidate must be a citizen of India.

  • He/she must be 25 years and above.

  • The candidate must be of sound mind.

  • He/she must be an elector for any constituency in the state he is representing

from. 

3. How is the Chief Minister appointed?

The Governor appoints the leader of the majority party in the State Legislative

Assembly as the Chief Minister. He is the head of the State Council of Ministers.


4. How is the Council of Ministers formed?

  • The party which gets majority seats in the election forms the government.

  • The leader of the majority party in the election is chosen as Chief Minister.

  • The Chief Minister chooses his ministers from the MLAs of his party.

  • On the advice of the Chief Minister, the Governor appoints the other

ministers.

  • Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister form the State Government. 


VII Answer the following in detail

1. Discuss the powers and functions of the Chief Minister.

  • The Chief Minister is the chief administrator of the State. All major decisions of the State Government are taken under his leadership.

  • The Chief Minister plays an important role in the formation of the Council of

Ministers. On the advice of the Chief Minister, the Governor appoints the other

Ministers.

  • The Chief Minister supervises the activities of different ministries and advises

them accordingly. He also coordinates the activities of different ministries. 

  • The Chief Minister plays an important role in making policies of the State

  • Government ensures public interest. His voice is final in policy decisions of the

State Government. 

  • The Governor appoints different higher officials of the State Government on the advice of the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers. 


2. Discuss the powers and functions of the Legislative Assembly.

  • The people who make the laws of a state government are called ‘Members of the Legislative Assembly’ (MLA).

  • The legislative assembly meets 2 or 3 times a year.

  • The main duty of the Legislative Assembly is to make laws for the state.

  • The assembly has control over the State council of Ministers. 

  • The Assembly may pass a no confidence motion against the council of Ministers if it is not satisfied with the performance of the council of Ministers.

  • The legislative Assembly has control over the finances of the state. 

  • A money bill can be introduced only in the Assembly. 

  • The government cannot impose, increase, lower or withdraw any tax without the approval of the Assembly.

  • The elected members of the Legislative Assembly can take part in the election of the president of India and all members can take part in the election of the members of the Rajya Sabha from the state.

  • The Assembly also takes part in the amendment of the Constitution on certain matters.


3. Write about the powers and functions of the High Court.

  • The High Court has been empowered to issue writs of Habeas corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Certiorari and Quo Warranto for the enforcement of the fundamental rights and for other purposes. 

  • Every High Court has a general power of superintendence over all the lower courts and tribunals within its jurisdiction.

  • If a case is pending before a sub – ordinate court and the High Court is satisfied that it involves a substantial question of the constitutional law, it can take up the case and decide it itself. 

  • The High Court controls all the subordinate courts in the State.

  • Like the Supreme Court, the High Court also acts as a Court of Record. 



Popular posts from this blog

வகுப்பு 6 ப1 இயல் ஒன்று வளர்தமிழ் வினா-விடைகள்

வகுப்பு 8 அறிவியல் பாடப்புத்தக வினா விடைகள்

வகுப்பு 6 அறிவியல் பாடப்புத்தக வினா-விடைகள்

வகுப்பு 8 சமூக அறிவியல் வினா -விடைகள்