VII T1 SS Populations and Settlement - Textbook Solutions


Populations and Settlement

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Caucasoid race is also known as ________race.

Ans: a)European 

2. __________Race is known as Asian - American Race.

Ans: c)  Mongoloid

3.  World population day __________.

Ans: 11th July

4. Rural settlements are located near __________.

Ans: a)Water bodies

5. Arrange the following in terms of size1) City 2) Megalopolis 3) Metropolis 4) Conurbation

Ans: b)1,3,4,2

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. The Bushmen is found mainly in Kalahari desert in South Africa.

2. Linguistic stock is a group of language family sharing features and its origin.

3. In Urban settlements, where most of the people are engaged in secondary and tertiary activities.

4. Satellite towns are generally located outside the rural Urban fringe.

5. Pilgrim Settlement Come up around a place of Worship.

III. A. Match the following:

 1. Caucasoid - European

2. Negroid - African

3. Mongoloid - Asian - American

4. Australoid - Australia

B. Match the following:

1. Sutlej-Ganga plain - Star like pattern

2. Nilgris - Circular settlement

3. South India - Dispersed settlement

4. Seacoast - Rectangular pattern

5. Haryana - Compact settlement

IV. Consider the following statement and ( ) Tick the appropriate answer:

1. Assertion (A): There are numerous languages spoken in the world

Reason (R): The linguistic diversity in the world is vast.

Ans: a)A and R are correct and R explains A.

2. Assertion A: Thiruverkadu in Tamil Nadu is an example for pilgrim


Reason (R): Iron and steel industry is located there

Ans: b)R is not the correct explanation of A

V. Circle the odd one out:

1. Fishing, lumbering, agriculture, banking - Banking

2. Himalayas Alps Rocky Ganga - Ganga

3. Chennai, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Kanchipuram - Kanchipuram

VI. Answer the following:

1. What are the classifications of Races?

The major world human races are

(i) Caucasoid (European)

(ii) Negroid (African)

(iii) Mongoloid (Asiatic)

(iv) Australoid (Australian)

2. What is language?

Language is a great force of socialization. Language, either in the written or oral form, is the most common type of communication.

3. Describe the classification of religion.

Religion is classified as follows:

a) Universalizing Religions Christianity, Islam and Buddhism. 

b) Ethnic Religions Judaism, Hinduism and Shintoism. 

c) Tribal or Traditional Religions Animism, Shamanism and Shaman.

4. Define settlement

Settlement is a place where people live and interact through activities such as

agriculture, trading and entertainment.

5. On what basis urban settlements are classified?

Urban settlements are classified on the basic of

• Size of population

• Occupational structure

• Administration

6. Write a note on smart city

In an urban region, a city which is very much advanced in terms of infrastructure, real estate, communication and market availability is called a Smart City. Eg: Bhubaneshwar,Pune, Jaipur, Surat.

VII. Give reason:

1. Mumbai is a mega city

A mega city is a very large city typically with a population of more than 10 million people. Mumbai has these specifications and so it is a mega city.

2. Himalayas have dispersed settlement.

Dispersed settlements are generally found in the areas of extreme climates, hill tracks,thick forest etc., these settlements, house are spaced for apart and after interspersed with fields. Himalayas have dispersed settlements.

VIII. Distinguish between:

1. Physical Geography and Human Geography

Physical Geography

Human Geography

Physical Geography is concerned with non-human aspects of the earth.

Human Geography is concerned with the

relations of human and other living being to the earth and their spatial distribution in the planet.

Eg. Geology, Topography. Hydrology

Eg. Natality, Morality, Growth rates etc.,

2. Language and Religion



Language is a great force of socialization.

Religion is a symbol of group identity and a cultural rallying point.

Most common type of communication is either in the written or oral form

System of faith and worship

Eg. Tamil, English, Hindi

Eg. Hinduism. Christianity, Islam

3. Negroid and Mongoloid



(Asian-American race)

Negroid have dark eyes, black skin, black wooly hair, wide nose, long head, and thick lips. 

The mongoloid have light yellow to brown skin, straight hair, flat face, broad head and medium nose. 

They are living in different parts of Africa. 

Mongoloid are found in Asia and Arctic region 

4. City and town



-Large urban place

-Population more than 1 lakh

-Urban place

-Population more than 5,000 people

5. Urban settlement and rural settlement

Urban settlement

Rural settlement

Most of the people engaged in secondary and tertiary activities. 

People choose to settle near fertile lands suitable for agriculture, along with the provision of other basic needs

Towns, cities, and the areas of large cities are referred to as urban areas.

Predominantly located near water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and springs where water can be easily available.

IX. Answer the following in a paragraph:

1. Write about the four major classifications of races.

Race is a biological grouping within the human species. The most widely found human racial types are based on visual traits such as head shape, facial features nose shape, eye shape and colour, skin colour, stature, blood groups etc.

The major world human races are

a. Caucasoid (European)

b. Negroid (African)

c. Mongoloid (Asiatic)

d. Australoid (Australian)

a) Caucasoid: Fair skin and dark brown eyes, wavy hair and narrow nose. The caucasoid is also found in Eurasia.

b) Negroid: Dark eyes, Black skin, Black wooly hair, wide nose, Long head and Thick

lips. They are living in different parts of Africa.

c) Mongoloids: Light yellow to brown skin, straight hair, Flat face, Broad head and

medium nose. Such people are found in Asia and the Arctic region.

d) Australoid: Wide nose, curly hair, dark skin, and short in height. They are living in

Australia and Asia.

2. Write about the main features of religious life.

Religion means a particular system of faith and worship, which brings human society.

Religion is a symbol of group identity and a cultural rallying point.

Classification of Religion:

a). Universalizing Religions: Christianity, Islam and Buddhism.

b). Ethnic Religions: Judaism, Hinduism and Japanese Shintoism.

c). Tribal or Traditional Religions: Animism, Shamanism and Shaman.

3. What are the factors influencing rural settlement?

Factors Influencing Rural Settlement are;

• Nature of topography

• Local weather Condition

• Soil and water resources

• Social organisation

• Economic condition

4. What are types of rural settlement? Explain any three.

A rural settlement pattern is a function of relief, climate, water supply and socio-economic factors. It is broadly classified under the following patterns, such as Linear, Rectangular, Circular, Star like pattern etc.,

i.Linear settlement

Houses are arranged along the either side of a road, railway line, river (or) canal, the edge of a valley, etc., Eg. The Himalayas, The Alps, The Rockies.

ii. The rectangular settlements

These are almost straight, meeting each other at right angles. Such a settlement is found in plain areas (or) inter montane plain. Eg.Sutlej.

iii. Circular pattern of settlement

Settlements built around lakes and tanks.

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